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3248 Asheville Rd
Waynesville, NC 28786
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Junaluska Animal Hospital
Mon, Thurs: 8:30AM-8PM; Tues, Weds, Fri: 8:30AM-5:30PM; Sat, Sun: CLOSED
828-484-4313
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Haywood Animal Emergency
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(828) 538-2236

Cat Dermatology


Cat Dermatology

Most cats will scratch on occasion but if you notice that the occasional scratch and regular grooming turns into a cat who appears uncomfortable, cat skin problems may be present and you should schedule an appointment with one of the veterinarians here at Junaluska Animal Hospital.

Excessive scratching, hair loss and a mildly frantic cat are signs that cat skin problems may be present and your feline friend needs medical attention. While cat skin problems are rarely an emergency, an uncomfortable cat will have trouble enjoying daily life until those symptoms are under control.

In comparison to dogs, cats typically require less care for their coats and skin. Dermatologic treatments in cats are much less common than in dogs. By performing a weekly brushing, you will be familiar with your cat’s coat and skin and will be more likely to catch any potential cat skin problems early on and bring it to the attention of your veterinarian.

Recognizing Cat Skin Conditions

  • Hair loss is a common sign of cat skin problems. Have you noticed any bald patches? Is your cat shedding more than normal?
  • Excessive grooming can also indicate cat skin conditions are present. If the grooming appears more frenetic and less relaxed than normal, it may be because your cat is pruritic (itchy) and uncomfortable.
  • While brushing your cat, if you notice any red, scaly, patchy, or scabby areas, schedule an appointment with your veterinarian.
  • Fleas and ticks are common parasites which may be found on the skin.
  • If your cat shakes his head excessively, this could indicate he may have a skin problem or an issue with his ears.

Types of Cat Skin Conditions

The following are some types of common cat skin problems you should be aware of:

  • External parasites such as fleas can cause itchy skin and cat skin allergies. The cat will then scratch and bite and potentially cause secondary infections.
  • Ticks can attach to your cat's skin causing a raised bump or cause localized swelling. The bump is the cat's response to fight off the tick.
  • Mites, or ear mites, can produce itchy ears. This is more commonly seen in kittens. The cat will hold his head sideways indicating discomfort. Cats can also have ear infections which need to be treated promptly by your veterinarian.
  • Cats can also develop polyps in their ears. A thorough exam includes an otoscopic exam of the cat’s ear canals.
  • Cats can get food allergies. Your cat can develop an “itchy face,” or start scratching all over. Your veterinarian will determine if you need to change your cat's diet. This will generally include a food trial and may require several attempts to rule out food allergy.
  • Contact allergies can also be present in cats. This is very similar to how people develop allergies to common substances in their environment.
  • Cat skin cancer. As in humans, cat cancer is a potentially life threatening condition. If you notice new or changing skin spots, make a veterinary appointment ASAP.
  • Cat acne. Some cats are prone to cat acne. While this may appear similar to a rash, the treatment of cat acne may involve prescription medication.
  • Cat dermatitis. Typically cat dermatitis is due to an allergic reaction to grooming products, food or environmental irritants.

Schedule an appointment with your veterinarian as soon as you see any of these symptoms. Sometimes it takes a while to diagnose the problem, the sooner, the better.

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